Tuesday, 31 March 2015

The 2015 Nigerian Presidential Election As The Arab Spring Of The Nigerian Catholic Church

One of the things that the Nigerian Church has always been accused of, is her nonchalant attitude towards politics. In fact, she had always sat on the fence, claiming not to interfere with political activities. Such attitude has no doubt caused more harm than good, as any cleric that opened his mouth was reminded that he should be praying, and not speaking about politics in Nigeria. The clerics who speak up or out on Nigerian politics were often forced to keep silent and to desist from criticizing political decisions. The few moments that the Catholic Bishops’ Conference of Nigeria spoke out, they did so in somewhat timid, or even embarrassing, tone. In these years of democracy in Nigeria, apart from voices like that of Cardinal Onaiyekan, Archbishop Kaigama and Bishop Hassan Kukah, many other prophetic voices were quenched and those who tried to go contrary to the widely accepted sit-down-and-observe decorum were either intimidated into silence.
However, the silence was broken in the case of this year’s election. It all started when a well-known Enugu Diocesan Priest, Rev. Fr. Ejike Mbaka, in his normal courageous manner, violated the seeming “silence code” of Nigerian clerics, by crying out against the way the nation was governed; the abandoning of the kidnapped Chibok Girls by the Federal Government; the insecurity in the Country, etc. His intervention made generated a lot of noise! While many people thought him too audacious, many personalities of the Nigerian Church distanced themselves from his openness. However, he did not feel intimidated, as he continued his prophetic denunciation of what he sees as wrong in Nigeria. Social media platforms relayed his words, and the Nigerian Church was awoken from her slumber. 

Saturday, 28 March 2015

La Positivité de l’erreur en Science

INTRODUCTION

L’homme s’est toujours posé des questions sur le monde et son avènement. Et comme pour apaiser ce désir ardent de l’homme, il s’est donné à chercher une réponse qui pourra résoudre cette énigme. Les penseurs grecs tels qu’Homère, ont donné des réponses fictives en inventant des mythes et des épopées. Mais il s’est avéré qu’au fil du temps, ces réponses ont perdues leur crédibilité. Cependant, l’homme ayant cette capacité qui lui permet de s’adapter et de trouver des nouvelles solutions à ses inquiétudes grâce a sa capacité intellectuelle, s’est lancé à nouveau à la recherche des nouvelles solutions. Et c’est ainsi que les présocratiques, révoltés par des réponses trop simplistes d’Homère, d’Hésiode etc. se sont donnés à rechercher des réponses plus pratiques et plus rationnelles. Certains d’entre eux tels que Thalès, Anaximandre et Anaximène tenteront de repenser ces questions fondamentales. Ils feront l’usage de leur connaissance astronomique pour revoir le problème concernant le système solaire et son origine comme s’ils ont compris l’affirmation que Heinz PLAGEL fera plutard : « l’univers est un message rédigé dans un code secret, un code cosmique, la tâche du scientifique consiste à déchiffrer ce code »[i].

Mais comme leurs prédécesseurs, ils n’ont pas aussi compris où le problème se trouvaient et c’est pour cela qu’ils ont pris pour vrai des illusions. Socrate, Platon et Aristote tenteront aussi à leur niveau d’apporter des lumières mais n’iront pas loin qu’à la réalité semble trop voilée pour eux. Ces va et vient de la recherche du réel font croire beaucoup que la philosophie oscille entre le vrai et le faux. Mais en faisant une analyse critique, on constate que la philosophie n’oscille pas entre ces pôles mentionnés. Toutefois, ces mesentendements entre penseurs peuvent être traité d’erreur et pas de fausseté. Et cette étape est nécessaire à l’évolution de l’esprit scientifique comme Bernard Saint-Sernin dira que  « le lieu privilégié de l’erreur c’est la science. L’erreur n’est pas dans l’activité scientifique un accident que plus d’attention ou de soin permettra d’éliminer. Elle est première et la vérité dans la science est toujours une erreur rectifiée ».[ii]

Donc notre souci dans ce travail consistera à démontrer grâce à certaines théories scientifiques la positivité de l’erreur en science. Nous chercherons à voir dans quelle mesure est-ce que l’erreur à contribuer à l’élaboration de la philosophie de science. Mais pour mieux orienter notre travail, nous allons d’abord examiner scrupuleusement ce que nous entendons par l’erreur dans un premier temps, puis dans un deuxième temps, nous allons examiner comment grâce à l’erreur des présocratiques, des Socratiques et même de Copernic, Galilée et Newton la science évolue par le dépassement ou par l’englobement des théories anciens. Après cela nous allons conclue notre recherche.

Un Voyage vers le Monde Ancestral du Peuple Innu

La première année de mon expérience missionnaire au milieu des innus consiste dans l’apprentissage de la langue et de la culture innues. Avec l’aide d’une professeur de la langue innue, (et récemment avec une deuxième), j’ai déjà débuté mes premiers pas dans cette langue riche et belle. Une expérience très significative et pédagogique.
Ce mois de mars, j’ai entamé un aspect important de la culture. Et pour mieux l’initier, on m’a offert d’aller vivre une expérience dans un territoire de chasse. Une décision qu’au départ me laissait avec beaucoup de questionnements et préoccupations.

La semaine de relâche, je suis donc parti avec une famille dans leur territoire de chasse. Nous sommes partis le 2 mars par train pour ce lieu de ressourcement culturel. Et comme j’étais en attente de découvrir ce qu’on entend par le territoire de chasse, ma curiosité s’aiguisait à chaque moment qui m’amenait vers ma destination. Le voyage en train fut vraiment agréable. Avec les paysages pittoresques de la Côte Nord, chaque instant du voyage vers les territoires fut comme un voyage au musée surnaturel.

Wednesday, 25 March 2015

Permit Me To Accuse Nigerian Religious Leaders!

One stands to be corrected, but if what Ludwig Feuerbach and Emile Durkheim mean by cohesion is unity or togetherness, when they argued that religion has a social cohesive role, then I think Nigeria, a country of about 170 million citizens and uncountable number of Churches and mosques has proved them wrong. In Nigeria, almost every individual adheres to one or more religious organisation. In fact, it is, one of the countries where saying that you have no religious affiliation is almost a taboo.

On Fridays and Sundays, every corner is crowded by  worshipers. It is spectacular to witness the end of religious gatherings in this part of the world, with boisterous flocks trouping out from different worshiping arenas. One also needs to see the number of Nigerians who go to pilgrimage centres. Indeed, from Jerusalem and Vatican through Mecca, Nigerians are always among the largest group of pilgrims. In many occasions, the pilgrimages are sponsored by the government, in recognition of ‘the pilgrims’ active support of their regime or government in power.

Yet the question is, how socially cohesive has all the outward religiosity of Nigerians been to the Nigerian society? Has religion really been a source of unity in Nigeria? One doubt that it has been.

Those Priests Who Disturb You

DSC_0814All those telling you priests should not speak; that they should only pray have no knowledge of either the Bible or the Church history. Did Jesus not speak against the politics of his time? Was Saint Paul not judged in Rome (the centre of the World) for his outspokenness against the powers that be? Was Peter and the Apostles not killed for their opposition to oppression of the ruling gangs? How many Church members were martyred for their opposition to the ruling government?
Let me not ask you of  Martin Luther King, Jr.​ But why was Óscar Romero​ murdered? Why were my oblate brothers Nelson Javellana, OMI, Bishop Ben De Jesus, OMI, Benjamin Inocencio, OMI, Rey Roda, OMI, killed in Philippines? Why did Fr Jean Marc Ela go on a forced exile ? Why was Bishop Yves Plumey, OMI, assassinated in Cameroon? What do you know about the engagement of thousands of priests and pastors in Latin America?

Saturday, 21 March 2015

Nigerian Election Is All About You And I And Not About Our Politicians

Before you refute what I am about to say, please take time to digest it. Nigeria is growing! We are on the move to development. The railway is said to be functioning, there are many new universities, there are thousands of new jobs created everywhere in the country. The federal government is working. There is also a new political awareness that has erupted from nowhere. For the first time in our history, we have an opposition party capable of awakening the ruling party from their political slumber. Brief, I think no one can contest that Nigeria of today is no longer that of yesterday. Even the youths have finally taking up the political battle. They are now the real occupant of online political arena. Our electioneering has also known a new but unfortunate development: from pulpit to online massive character assassination. It is a novelty in the annals of Nigerian politics and it impresses me a lot.  Many unemployed youths have even gotten online campaigning jobs, twitting from different accounts at a time and commenting from one social platform to another. But can we really call that job?
In fact, this is the issue I want to address. The plight of the youth in Nigeria of today. Since I grew up, I have never seen any political campaign that have drawn our attention like this. Should we begin to think that the youths are now taking into their hands what rightly belongs to them? Are they becoming decision makers and point of view shifters in our national political battle? Many would say yes and they might not be totally wrong. But my interest is still not there.

Sunday, 15 March 2015

Did You Know That This Is What Nigerian Politicians Want You To Do? By Amattah Otito

Buhari's Child, Zara is paying over £40,000 [12 million Naira] as school fees, developing her future and career. Jonathan's children have been moved to London for studies and residence while developing their career and living in affluence. Atiku Abubakar’s children are abroad schooling. Tinubu's children are abroad studying and living in affluence. They are all developing and investing in their children to continue to rule us after they have gone. You are there as a jobless graduate, wearing APC and PDP customized vest and Polo, chanting Change! Holding brooms and carrying umbrellas chanting Transformation! Killing yourselves, fomenting trouble and constituting nuisance to the society because of peanuts that can't make you a better person. Even if you have no paying jobs, why not do apprentice or learn a skill that will make you more productive today in the society. Why not do volunteering jobs instead of looking for big pay jobs? Stop being a disgrace to your discipline. Stop wearing APC vest and carrying PDP umbrellas because that is the wish of politicians for you. They know that if you have a good job, they can't  manipulate and use you as thugs or propagandists. If Buhari will not bring all his ten children to the Street for campaign and Jonathan will not bring his children and blood brothers to the street for campaign, then you are a disgrace to your family if you do not stop masquerading yourself as PDP and APC agents, because up till now, we have never seen Buhari or Jonathan's children on the street wearing APC vest and holding brooms, neither have I seen Jonathan's children carrying the PDP umbrella even on social media let alone in the street. A word is enough for the wise.

Fourth Sunday Of Lent: A Judge Who Does Not Condemn

1st Reading : 2Chronicles 36 : 16-16, 19-2

2nd Reading: Ephesians 2: 4-10

Gospel : John 3: 14-21

One erroneous image of God is the one that assigns to him the image of a judge. The idea reached its epic in the medieval era when the emperors created an image of God that could permit them to rule in all majesty. Thus, if God is the Supreme Judge, all those who exercise the power in his name could happily enjoy the privilege of condemning their subjects in his name.
Today, the idea has become too obsolete and unworthy of a Loving God. In fact, if God is a judge, he has no choice than to condemn or acquit. And just like in every case, there are those who will feel victimized, a judging God would surely be seen as just by some and unjust by others. What then do we say of the Biblical presentation of a judging God? What do we make of the first reading of today where we are told that God’s anger for his people was without remedy? What do we think of the punishment of sending them on exile? Was it not passing a judgement?

Monday, 2 March 2015

Que le Temps File ! Déjà deux mois dans ce pays d’hiver

Si je quittais le Canada aujourd’hui, je n’aurais qu’une seule image du Canada : celui de l’hiver. La nouvelliste nigériane, Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie la définirait ainsi : une histoire unique du Canada «The Single Story». Une chanson reviendrait à la mémoire lorsque je penserais au Canada, l’hymne du chanteur-poète, Gilles Vigneault : Mon pays, c’est l’hiver.